Along with Grammy-winning Hamilton orchestrator Alex Lacamoire, the trio accepted their accolades on Saturday from the prestigious Berklee College of Music in Massachusetts.
Timberlake shared the special day on his Instagram Stories, posting a clip of him jokingly telling the camera, "I'm 'bout to be a doctor now. Y'all messed up!"
He then shared snaps of him, Elliott and Lacamoire celebrating with selfies backstage.
"I don't do surgeries but I could probably work out some prescriptions," Timberlake began his speech, to laughter and applause from the graduates.